The article characterizes the aphoristic genre, an ancient kind of literature, one gets feel efficiently for universal human values such as science, arts, religion, and morals when gets acquainted with it. The benefits of aphorisms, sayings, catchy phrases reflecting the humane wisdom and being the source for spiritual improvement, for the doctor’s personality formation, improvement of the thinking and speaking culture are stressed. The difference between aphorisms, catchy phrases, proverbs and folk sayings is shown. The literary styles most friendly with aphorisms are characterized. Words of wisdom and aphorisms of speculators and celebrated doctors are presented.

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Автор(ы): Yu. K. Abayev