MULTIFOCAL ATHEROSCLEROSIS: PROBLEM OF COMBINED ATHEROSCLEROTIC LESIONS OF SEVERAL ARTERIAL TERRITORIES

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) have been the major cause of deaths in the World for many years. In Europe, despite recent decreases in mortality rates in many countries, CVD is still responsible for about half (46%) of all deaths.  Atherosclerosis is a chronic progressive disease able affect any vascular bed (coronary, cerebrovascular, visceral, peripheral arterial) as a single disease but can occurs as well in more than one territory as polyvascular disease. Presence of atherosclerotic disease in one vascular bed frequently indicates at an increased risk for its presence in another. The prevalence of polyvascular disease varies from 6% to 71% depending on the population the study in was performed as well as on the study design. Polyvascular disease patients have higher risk profile and worse prognosis than patients with the disease in a single arterial territory and the detection and consequent treatment of these patients improvement have been claimed as necessary.

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Автор(ы): I. Klimchuk, V. Yanushko, G. Kordzakhia