Objective. To identify specific features of Minsk region residents suicidal behavior.
Materials and methods. The results of monitoring specific features of Minsk region residents suicidal behavior (every suicide and attempted suicide registered) for 2015—2019.
Results. Men aged 31—60 living in the country, not occupied, having a secondary or a professional secondary education and never addressing a medical specialist (for psychiatric, narcologic or psychotherapeutic care) dominated among those having committed suicides. Practically every second subject was drunk at the moment of the suicide or the parasuicide. The rate of oncologic patients among them did not exceed 4%. Self-hanging was the major suicide technique (86.6%). Most suicides occurred in spring, on days-off or on Mondays. Most of them (81%) had never tried to suicide earlier. As concerned parasuicides, no gender difference was determined (the men/women ratio 1.2/1) but for the group of the minor employable subjects where girls prevailed (ratio 1/16). The major techniques parasuicide were presented by veins and arm skin superficial damages and by drug poisoning.
Conclusion. The preventive actions should be focused at employable men living in the country. The urgent psychologic care should be advertised on days-off and on Mondays. As the suiciders and parasuiciders make suicidal acts mostly being drunk actions on restricting alcohol on days-off are advisable. The former attempted suicide cannot be considered a risk factor in future (over 80% of suiciders in Minsk region never has attempted suicide earlier — the data agrees with the Grodno region data).Ключевые слова:
Автор(ы): S. V. Davidovskiy, E. L. Katargina, A. A. Aleksandrov, I. A. Baikova