LUNG’S HISTOGENESIS AND ORGANOGENESIS DURING PRENATAL PERIOD OF ONTOGENESIS. MATURATION OF THE LUNG SURFACTANT SYSTEM

The article is dedicated to the histogenesis and organogenesis of the lung’s structures. The sources of formation, mechanisms and sequential stages of the bronchial tree, bronchioles and alveoli histogenesis are characterized. The article contains the data about morphological and biochemical maturation of surfactant. The study of features of embryonic histogenesis and organogenesis of the lung helps to determine morphological basis for the formation of malformations and diseases of this organ.

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Автор(ы): T. M. Studenikina, I. L. Kotovich