ENTEROCOCCUS FAECALIS — EMERGENT CAUSATIVE AGENT OF NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS

Enterococcus faecalis is gram-positive cocci that represents the normal microflora of the gastrointestinal tract of humans and animals. Due to the growing resistance of enterococci to antibiotics, as well as due to the diseases caused by them, these microorganisms are considered as new emergent pathogens of nosocomial infections. Most commonly, E. faecalis causes purulent-inflammatory processes, including bacteremia, sepsis, endocarditis, meningitis, inflammatory processes of the genitourinary system and odontogenic diseases. The article discusses issues of taxonomy, genomic and biological properties (factors and mechanisms of pathogenicity), antibiotic resistance mechanisms, monitoring resistance and restriction of the distribution of resistant forms of bacteria. Diseases caused by enterococci, represent an important problem of practical health and medical science

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Автор(ы): L. P. Titov